"The best way to predict the future is to invent it."
Alan Kay is one of the earliest pioneers of object-oriented programming, personal
computing, and graphical user interfaces. His contributions have been recognized
with the Charles Stark Draper Prize of the National Academy of Engineering1 "for
the vision, conception, and development of the first practical networked personal
computers", the Alan. M. Turing Award from the Association of Computing Machinery
"for pioneering many of the ideas at the root of contemporary object-oriented programming
languages, leading the team that developed Smalltalk, and for fundamental contributions
to personal computing", and the Kyoto Prize from the Inamori Foundation "for creation
of the concept of modern personal computing and contribution to its realization".
This work was done in the rich context of ARPA and Xerox PARC with many talented
While at the ARPA project at the University of Utah in the late 60s, he invented
dynamic object-oriented programming, was part of the original team that developed
continuous tone 3D graphics, was the co-designer of the FLEX Machine, an early desktop
computer with graphical user interface and object-oriented operating system, participated
in the design of the ARPAnet, and inspired by children, conceived the Dynabook,
a laptop personal computer for children of all ages.
At Xerox PARC he invented Smalltalk, the first completely object-oriented programming,
authoring and operating system (which included the now ubiquitous overlapping window
interface), instigated the bit-map screen, screen painting and animation, participated
in desk-top publishing, other desktop media, and the development of the Alto, the
first modern networked personal computer. This was part of the larger process at
PARC that created an entire genre of personal computing including: the GUI, Ethernet,
Laserprinting, modern word processing, client-servers and peer-peer networking.
He has been a Xerox Fellow, Chief Scientist of Atari, Apple Fellow, Disney Fellow,
and HP Senior Fellow. In 2001 he founded Viewpoints Research Institute, a non-profit
organization dedicated to children and learning. He is currently an Adjunct Professor
of Computer Science at UCLA, a Visiting Professor at Kyoto University, and an Adjunct
Professor at MIT.
He has been elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National
Academy of Engineering, the Royal Society of Arts, and the Computer History Museum.
He has a BA in Mathematics and Biology with minor concentrations in English and
Anthropology from the University of Colorado, 1966. MS and PhD in Computer Science
(1968 and 1969, both with distinction) from the University of Utah, and Honorary
Doctorates from the Kungl Tekniska Hoegskolan in Stockholm, Columbia College in
Chicago, and Georgia Tech.
Other honors include: J-D Warnier Prix d'Informatique, ACM Systems Software Award1,
NEC Computers & Communication Foundation Prize, Funai Foundation Prize, Lewis Branscomb
Technology Award, and the ACM SIGCSE Award for Outstanding Contributions to Computer
He entered show business in the 50s as a professional jazz guitarist. Much of his
subsequent work combined music and theatrical production. Today he is an avid amateur
classical pipe organist.
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